Bothriopsis bilineata (Viperidae), Syn. Bothrops bilineata, is a venomous pit viper from the Amazon. It is a sleek, green pit viper with a prehensile tail. Typical length is about 70 cm, although individuals up to 123 cm have been reported. Females are usually 10 to 20 cm longer than males.
This viper is potentially dangerous, as a single strike from this snake releases extremely toxic venom. Their venom contains pro-coagulant and anticoagulant agents and their bite can result in severe hemorrhaging. Bothriopsis bilineata has been reported to be the second most dangerous snake in the Amazon, behind only Bothrops atrox.
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Photo credit: ©Paul Hamilton
Locality: Tiputini Biodiversity Station, Ecuador